Source code for qcodes.instrument_drivers.QuantumDesign.DynaCoolPPMS.DynaCool

import warnings
from functools import partial
from time import sleep
from typing import Any, Dict, List, Optional, Union, cast

import numpy as np
from pyvisa import VisaIOError

import qcodes.validators as vals
from qcodes.instrument import VisaInstrument


[docs]class DynaCool(VisaInstrument): """ Class to represent the DynaCoolPPMS Note that this driver assumes the server.py (from the 'private' folder) to be running on the DynaCool dedicated control PC. Args: name: The name used internally by QCoDeS for this driver address: The VISA resource name. E.g. 'TCPIP0::127.0.0.1::5000::SOCKET' with the appropriate IP address instead of 127.0.0.1. Note that the port number is hard-coded into the server. """ # the ramp time resolution is in (s) and is used in the # _do_blocking_ramp method _ramp_time_resolution = 0.1 temp_params = ['temperature_setpoint', 'temperature_rate', 'temperature_settling'] field_params = ['field_target', 'field_rate', 'field_approach'] _errors = {-2: lambda: warnings.warn('Unknown command'), 1: lambda: None, 0: lambda: None} def __init__(self, name: str, address: str, **kwargs: Any) -> None: super().__init__(name=name, address=address, terminator='\r\n', **kwargs) self.add_parameter('temperature', label='Temperature', unit='K', get_parser=partial(DynaCool._pick_one, 1, float), get_cmd='TEMP?') # Note: from the Lyngby Materials Lab, we have been told that the # manual is wrong about the minimal temperature. The manual says # 1.8 K, but it is in fact 1.6 K self.add_parameter('temperature_setpoint', label='Temperature setpoint', unit='K', vals=vals.Numbers(1.6, 400), set_cmd=partial(self._temp_setter, 'temperature_setpoint'), get_cmd=partial(self._temp_getter, 'temperature_setpoint')) self.add_parameter('temperature_rate', label='Temperature settle rate', unit='K/s', vals=vals.Numbers(0.0002, 0.3), set_parser=lambda x: x*60, # conversion to K/min get_parser=lambda x: x/60, # conversion to K/s set_cmd=partial(self._temp_setter, 'temperature_rate'), get_cmd=partial(self._temp_getter, 'temperature_rate')) self.add_parameter('temperature_settling', label='Temperature settling mode', val_mapping={'fast settle': 0, 'no overshoot': 1}, set_cmd=partial(self._temp_setter, 'temperature_settling'), get_cmd=partial(self._temp_getter, 'temperature_settling')) self.add_parameter('temperature_state', label='Temperature tracking state', val_mapping={"tracking": 2, 'stable': 1, 'near': 5, 'chasing': 6, 'pot operation': 7, 'standby': 10, 'diagnostic': 13, 'impedance control error': 14, 'failure': 15}, get_parser=partial(DynaCool._pick_one, 2, int), get_cmd='TEMP?') self.add_parameter('field_measured', label='Field', unit='T', get_cmd=self._measured_field_getter) self.add_parameter('field_target', label='Field target', unit='T', get_cmd=None, set_cmd=None, vals=vals.Numbers(-14, 14)) self.add_parameter('field_ramp', label='Field [ramp]', unit='T', get_cmd=None, set_cmd=self._field_ramp_setter, vals=vals.Numbers(-14, 14)) self.add_parameter('field_rate', label='Field rate', unit='T/s', get_parser=lambda x: x*1e-4, # Oe to T set_parser=lambda x: x*1e4, # T to Oe set_cmd=None, get_cmd=None, initial_value=0, vals=vals.Numbers(0, 1)) self.add_parameter('field_approach', label='Field ramp approach', val_mapping={'linear': 0, 'no overshoot': 1, 'oscillate': 2}, set_cmd=None, get_cmd=None, initial_value='linear') self.add_parameter('magnet_state', label='Magnet state', val_mapping={'unknown': 0, 'stable': 1, 'switch warming': 2, 'switch cool': 3, 'holding': 4, 'iterate': 5, 'ramping': 6, 'ramping ': 7, # map must have inverse 'resetting': 8, 'current error': 9, 'switch error': 10, 'quenching': 11, 'charging error': 12, 'power supply error': 14, 'failure': 15}, get_parser=partial(DynaCool._pick_one, 2, int), get_cmd='FELD?') self.add_parameter('chamber_temperature', label='Chamber Temperature', unit='K', get_parser=partial(DynaCool._pick_one, 1, float), get_cmd='CHAT?') self.add_parameter('chamber_state', label='Chamber vacuum state', val_mapping={'purged and sealed': 1, 'vented and sealed': 2, 'sealed': 3, 'performing purge/seal': 4, 'performing vent/seal': 5, 'pre-high vacuum': 6, 'high vacuum': 7, 'pumping continuously': 8, 'flooding continuously': 9}, get_parser=partial(DynaCool._pick_one, 1, int), get_cmd='CHAM?') self.add_parameter('field_tolerance', label="Field Tolerance", unit='T', get_cmd=None, set_cmd=None, vals=vals.Numbers(0, 1e-2), set_parser=float, docstring="The tolerance below which fields are " "considered identical in a " "blocking ramp.", initial_value=5e-4) # The error code of the latest command self._error_code = 0 # we must know all parameter values because of interlinked parameters self.snapshot(update=True) # it is a safe default to set the target to the current value self.field_target(self.field_measured()) self.connect_message() @property def error_code(self) -> int: return self._error_code @staticmethod def _pick_one(which_one: int, parser: type, resp: str) -> Any: """ Since most of the API calls return several values in a comma-separated string, here's a convenience function to pick out the substring of interest """ return parser(resp.split(', ')[which_one])
[docs] def get_idn(self) -> Dict[str, Optional[str]]: response = self.ask('*IDN?') # just clip out the error code id_parts = response[2:].split(', ') return dict(zip(('vendor', 'model', 'serial', 'firmware'), id_parts))
[docs] def ramp(self, mode: str = "blocking") -> None: """ Ramp the field to the value given by the `field_target` parameter Args: mode: how to ramp, either "blocking" or "non-blocking". In "blocking" mode, this function does not return until the target field has been reached. In "non-blocking" mode, this function immediately returns. """ if mode not in ['blocking', 'non-blocking']: raise ValueError('Invalid ramp mode received. Ramp mode must be ' 'either "blocking" or "non-blocking", received ' f'"{mode}"') target_in_tesla = self.field_target() # the target must be converted from T to Oersted target_in_oe = target_in_tesla*1e4 start_field = self.field_measured() ramp_range = np.abs(start_field - target_in_tesla) # as the second argument is zero relative tolerance has no effect. if np.allclose([ramp_range], 0, rtol=0, atol=self.field_tolerance()): return if mode == "blocking": self._do_blocking_ramp(target_in_tesla, start_field) else: self._field_setter(param='field_target', value=target_in_oe)
def _do_blocking_ramp(self, target_in_tesla: float, start_field_in_tesla: float) -> None: """ Perform a blocking ramp. Only call this function from withing the `ramp` method. This method is slow; it waits for the magnet to settle. The waiting is done in two steps, since users have reported that the magnet state does not immediately change to 'ramping' when asked to ramp. """ target_in_oe = target_in_tesla*1e4 ramp_range = np.abs(target_in_tesla - start_field_in_tesla) self._field_setter(param='field_target', value=target_in_oe) # step 1: wait for the magnet to actually start ramping # NB: depending on the `field_approach`, we may reach the target # several times before the ramp is over (oscillations around target) while np.abs(self.field_measured() - start_field_in_tesla) \ < ramp_range * 0.5: sleep(self._ramp_time_resolution) # step 2: wait for the magnet to report that is has reached the # setpoint while self.magnet_state() != 'holding': sleep(self._ramp_time_resolution) def _field_ramp_setter(self, target: float) -> None: """ set_cmd for the field_ramp parameter """ self.field_target(target) self.ramp(mode='blocking') def _measured_field_getter(self) -> float: resp = self.ask('FELD?') number_in_oersted = cast(float, DynaCool._pick_one(1, float, resp)) number_in_tesla = number_in_oersted*1e-4 return number_in_tesla def _field_getter(self, param_name: str) -> Union[int, float]: """ The combined get function for the three field parameters, field_setpoint, field_rate, and field_approach """ raw_response = self.ask('GLFS?') sp = self._pick_one(1, float, raw_response) rate = self._pick_one(2, float, raw_response) approach = self._pick_one(3, int, raw_response) return dict(zip(self.field_params, [sp, rate, approach]))[param_name] def _field_setter(self, param: str, value: float) -> None: """ The combined set function for the three field parameters, field_setpoint, field_rate, and field_approach """ temporary_values = list(self.parameters[p].raw_value for p in self.field_params) values = cast(List[Union[int, float]], temporary_values) values[self.field_params.index(param)] = value self.write(f'FELD {values[0]}, {values[1]}, {values[2]}, 0') def _temp_getter(self, param_name: str) -> Union[int, float]: """ This function queries the last temperature setpoint (w. rate and mode) from the instrument. """ raw_response = self.ask('GLTS?') sp = DynaCool._pick_one(1, float, raw_response) rate = DynaCool._pick_one(2, float, raw_response) mode = DynaCool._pick_one(3, int, raw_response) return dict(zip(self.temp_params, [sp, rate, mode]))[param_name] def _temp_setter(self, param: str, value: float) -> None: """ The setter function for the temperature parameters. All three are set with the same call to the instrument API """ temp_values = list(self.parameters[par].raw_value for par in self.temp_params) values = cast(List[Union[int, float]], temp_values) values[self.temp_params.index(param)] = value self.write(f'TEMP {values[0]}, {values[1]}, {values[2]}')
[docs] def write(self, cmd: str) -> None: """ Since the error code is always returned, we must read it back """ super().write(cmd) self._error_code = int(self.visa_handle.read()) self._errors[self._error_code]() self.visa_log.debug(f'Error code: {self._error_code}')
[docs] def ask(self, cmd: str) -> str: """ Since the error code is always returned, we must read it back """ response = super().ask(cmd) self._error_code = DynaCool._pick_one(0, int, response) self._errors[self._error_code]() return response
[docs] def close(self) -> None: """ Make sure to nicely close the server connection """ try: self.log.debug('Closing server connection.') self.write('CLOSE') except VisaIOError as e: self.log.info('Could not close connection to server, perhaps the ' 'server is down?') self.log.info(f'Got the following error from PyVISA: ' f'{e.abbreviation}: {e.description}') super().close()